When it comes to programming and development, everyone needs a tool that can make the work of a developer easier. And not related to only Developers, even a Student needs a straightforward tool that could save our lots of time and effort. Also, it makes our code less Complicated and Easy to Understand.
What is a Framework?
Now, first of all, think a framework in real life like a Tool, such as a Screwdriver, And Screwdriver makes our Job easier in Practical Life, similarily, a Framework is an asset of library or software applications, that have a defined purpose of solving the problem in the easiest way. It also manages low-level details such as protocols, sockets or thread management. Without a framework, you have to code everything from scratch and Trust me in this; It’s Going To Be Hectic; hence Software Companies also relies on these frameworks.
Now coming to Python, you got a long variety of frameworks that a developer build, There are so many frameworks that are added Day By Day, and mostly these are open-source, i.e. you are free to use and Modify according to personal use, and Also you can Build your own and Contribute to Community. Isn’t that Great!
Even Tech-Giant like Google hires such Contributors. There is a long list if we talk about Python frameworks, But as a Developer or a Learner, you must know these 5 Pythons Frameworks that everyone uses, and even in daily life, you see these working as Behind the Scene. Do read till the end and talk about your favourite one.
So here goes the list:
One of the best and quite popular framework of all time, Django, provides you with every built-in and easily configurable features that might be handy when you Developed a Web Project with a database connection.
It’s free and open-source. It provides all tools like Postgresql, MySql, Oracle, etc. It’s based on a simple principle called DRY which means don’t repeat yourselves. It also provides you with other features like Authentication, ORM (Object Relational Mapping), Database Schema, Url Routing and Mapping. One of the best thing about Django is that it is based on MVC-MVT architecture. MVC stands for Model View Controller. In other words, you take care of Controller class functions, and Architecture and View and the rest are taken care by Django. If you have used ASP.NET, then you can relate it’s functionality.
To know more click here: https://www.djangoproject.com/start/
Flask is another important Micro-Framework that is very popular. A Micro-Framework is lightweight, and its modular design makes it easily adaptable to the developer’s needs, so it becomes straightforward to configure. It is used in building web-applications, and It is famous for:
- WSGI Configuration
- RESTful Services
- HTTP Request Handling
- Development Server with Built-in Features
- Easy Debugging and Unit Testing
Flask is most appropriate for simple and little activities, even it is used in Google App Engine, because of it’s lightweight. To learn more about Flask, click here:
It is yet another open-source, highly scalable and a full-stack framework. It has it’s own Web-based IDE (Integrated Development Environment), which includes separate code editor, debugger and web deployment. The Best thing about Web2PY is that you don’t have to worry about any prerequisites for installation and configurations. It has its own built-in error tracking mechanism which logs it.
It has the highest security against any vulnerability attacks, like DOoS, SQL Injection, etc. The backward compatibility ensures program without any loss in previous versions. It is independent, i.e., it can run on any platforms. You can also use it to assign an access role to the user.
CherryPy is another open-source web application development framework that can run on all major working frameworks like Windows, Unix, Linux, and macOS.
It enables the use of multi-string web server functionality as well as modular and arrangement in frameworks. It runs Various HTTP servers and gains a lot of instruments for encoding, reserving and approval of various Programmed feature. With CherryPy, there is no longer required for an Apache server for running various applications, and these can easily be utilized by CherryPy. It consists of Amazing Design and Adaptable Framework. It runs on Python 2.7+, Python 3.5+, Jython, PyPy and Android. It has a great adaptable Plugin System.
Last but not Least, Bottle is another framework which is very important and popular. It is distributed as a single file module and has no dependencies other than the Python Standard Library. Bottle is a fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework for Python. It is most suitable when you are developing new prototyping ideas, building frameworks or running simple personal web application.
Bottle is contained within a single large source file named bottle.py, so it provides great reading when learning how WSGI web frameworks work. Everything you need to learn about how your web application’s code connects with the Bottle framework is contained within that single source code.